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Shangri-La (CVA-38) Room
Aboard the USS Hornet Museum
Docked at the former NAS Alameda
Shangri-La (CVA-38) Exhibit
Aboard the USS Hornet berthed at NAS Alameda
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Dictionary of American Fighting Ships and United States Naval Aviation,
Shangri-La, an aircraft carrier, was laid down by the Norfolk Navy Yard, at Portsmouth, Va., on 15 January 1943, launched on 24 February 1944, sponsored by Mrs. James H. Doolittle, and commissioned on 15 September 1944, Capt. James D. Barner in command.
completed fitting out at Norfolk and took her shakedown cruise to Trinidad,
B.W.I., between 15 September and 21 December 1944, at which time she returned
to Norfolk. On 17 January 1945, she stood out of Hampton Roads, formed
up with the large cruiser USS Guam (CB-2) and USS Harry E. Hubbard (DD-748),
and sailed for Panama. The three ships arrived at Cristobal, C.Z., on the
23rd and transited the canal on the 24th. Shangri-La departed from Balboa,
C.Z., on 25 January and arrived at San Diego, Calif., on 4 February. There
she loaded passengers, stores, and extra planes for transit to Hawaii and
got underway on 7 February. Upon her arrival at Pearl Harbor on 15 February,
she commenced two months of duty, qualifying land-based Navy pilots in
10 April 1945, she weighed anchor for Ulithi Atoll where she arrived ten
days later. After an overnight stay in the lagoon, Shangri-La departed
Ulithi in company with USS Haggard (DD-555) and USS Stembel (DD-644) to
report for duty with Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force.
On 24 April, she joined Task Group 58.4 while it was conducting a fueling
rendezvous with TG 50.8. The next day, Shangri-La and her air group, CVG-85,
launched their first strike against the Japanese. The target was Okino
Daito Jima, a group of islands several hundred miles to the southeast of
Okinawa. Her planes successfully destroyed radar and radio installations
there and, upon their recovery, the task group sailed for Okinawa. Shangri-La
supplied combat air patrols for the task group and close air support for
the 10th Army on Okinawa before returning to Ulithi on 14 May.
While at Ulithi, Shangri-La became the flagship of the 2nd Carrier Task Force. Vice Adm. John S McCain hoisted his flag in Shangri-La on 18 May 1945. Six days later, TG 58.4, with Shangri-La in company, sortied from the lagoon. On 28 May, TG 58.4 became TG 38.4 and Vice Adm. McCain relieved Vice Adm. Mitscher as Commander, Task Force 38, retaining Shangri-La as his flagship. On 2 and 3 June, the task force launched air strikes on the Japanese home islands ? -aimed particularly at Kyushu, the southernmost of the major islands. Facing the stiffest airborne resistance to date, Shangri-La's airmen suffered their heaviest casualties.
4 and 5 June, she moved off to the northwest to avoid a typhoon; then,
on the 6th, her planes returned to close air support duty over Okinawa.
On the 8th, her air group hit Kyushu again, and, on the following day,
they came back to Okinawa. On 10 June 1945, the task force cleared Okinawa
for Leyte, conducting drills en route. Shangri-La entered Leyte Gulf and
anchored in San Pedro Bay on 13 June. She remained at anchor there for
the rest of June, engaged in upkeep and recreation. On 1 July, Shangri-La
got underway from Leyte to return to the combat zone. On 2 July, the oath
of office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air was administered to
John L. Sullivan on board Shangri-La, the first ceremony of its type ever
undertaken in a combat zone. Eight days later, her air group commenced
a series of air strikes against Japan which lasted until the capitulation
on 15 August.
planes ranged the length of the island chain during these raids. On 10
July, they attacked Tokyo, the first raid there since the strikes of the
previous February. On 14 and 15 July, they pounded Honshu and Hokkaido
and, on the 18th , returned to Tokyo, also bombing battleship Nagato, moored
close to shore at Yokosuka. From 20 to 22 July, Shangri-La joined the logistics
group for fuel, replacement aircraft, and mail. By the 24th, her pilots
were attacking shipping in the vicinity of Kure. They returned the next
day for a repeat performance, before departing for a two-day replenishment
period on the 26th and 27th. On the following day, Shangri-La's aircraft
damaged cruiser Oyoda, and battleship Haruna, the latter so badly that
she beached and flooded. She later had to be abandoned. They pummeled Tokyo
again on 30 July, then cleared the area to replenish on 31 July and 1 August.
Shangri-La spent the next four days in the retirement area waiting for a typhoon to pass. On 9 August, after heavy fog had caused the cancellation of the previous day's missions, the carrier sent her planes aloft to bomb Honshu and Hokkaido once again. The next day, they raided Tokyo and central Honshu, then retired from the area for logistics. She evaded another typhoon on 11 and 12 August, then hit Tokyo again on the 13th. After replenishing on the 14th, she sent planes to strike the airfields around Tokyo on the morning of 15 August 1945. Soon thereafter, Japan's capitulation was announced; and the fleet was ordered to cease hostilities. Shangri-La steamed around in the strike area from 15 to 23 August, patrolling the Honshu area on the latter date. Between 23 August and 16 September, her planes sortied on missions of mercy, air-dropping supplies to Allied prisoners of war in Japan.
her return, Shangri-La began normal operations out of San Diego, primarily
engaged in pilot carrier landing qualifications. In May 1946, she sailed
for the Central Pacific to participate in Operation Crossroads, the atomic
bomb tests conducted at Bikini Atoll. Following this, she made a brief
training cruise to Pearl Harbor, then wintered at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.
In March 1947, she deployed again, calling at Pearl Harbor and Sydney,
Australia. When she returned to the United States, Shangri-La was decommissioned
and placed in the Reserve Fleet at San Francisco on 7 November 1947.
recommissioned on 10 May 1951, Capt. Francis L. Busey in command. For the
next year, she conducted training and readiness operations out of Boston,
Mass. Reclassified an attack aircraft carrier, CVA-38, in 1952, she returned
to Puget Sound that fall and decommissioned again on 14 November, this
time for modernization at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard.
the next two years, she received an angled flight deck, twin steam catapults,
and her aircraft elevators and arresting gear were overhauled. At a cost
of approximately $7 million, she was virtually a new ship when she commissioned
for the third time on 10 January 1955, Capt. Roscoe L. Newman commanding.
conducted intensive fleet training for the remainder of 1955, then deployed
to the Far East on 5 January 1956. On 2 September 1956, the second day
of the National Air Show, Lt. (j.g.) R. Carson, flying an F3H-2N Demon
of VF-124, captured the McDonnell Trophy with a non-stop, non-refueling
flight from Shangri-La off the coast of San Francisco to Oklahoma City.
Lt.(j.g.) Carson covered the 1,436 miles in two hours 32 minutes 13.45
seconds for an average speed of 566.007 mph.
On 16 March 1960, she put to sea from San Diego en route to her new home port, Mayport, Fla. She entered Mayport after visits to Callao, Peru; Valparaiso, Chile; Port of Spain, Trinidad; Bayonne, N.J.; and Norfolk, Va.
After six weeks of underway training in the local operating area around Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, she embarked upon her first Atlantic deployment, a NATO exercise followed by liberty in Southampton, England. Almost immediately after her return to Mayport, Shangri-La was ordered back to sea, this time to the Caribbean in response to trouble in Guatemala and Nicaragua. She returned to Mayport on 25 November 1960 and remained in port for more than two months.
1961 and 1970, Shangri-La alternated between deployments to the Mediterranean
and operations in the western Atlantic, out of Mayport. She sailed east
for her first tour of duty with the 6th Fleet on 2 February 1961. On 1
June 1961, Shangri-La, along with USS Intrepid (CV 11) and USS Randolph
(CV 15), was ordered to stand by off southern Hispaniola when a general
uprising seemed about to follow the assassination of President Trujillo
of the Dominican Republic.
returned to the United States that fall and entered the New York Naval
Shipyard. Back in Mayport by the beginning of 1962, Shangri-La stood out
again for the Mediterranean on 7 February 1962. After about six months
of cruising with the 6th Fleet, she departed the Mediterranean in mid-August
and arrived in Mayport on the 28th.
a month's stay at her home port, the aircraft carrier headed for New York
and a major overhaul. Shangri-La was modified extensively during her stay
in the yard. Four of her 5-inch mounts were removed, but she received a
new air search and height finding radar and a new arrester system. In addition,
much of her electrical and engineering equipment was renovated. After sea
trials and visits to Bayonne, N.J., and Norfolk, Va., Shangri-La returned
to Mayport for a week in late March 1963; then put to sea for operations
in the Caribbean. Eight months of similar duty followed before Shangri-La
weighed anchor for another deployment. On 1 October 1963, she headed back
to the 6th Fleet for a seven-month tour.
Shangri-La continued her 2nd and 6th Fleet assignments for the next six years. During the winter of 1964 and the spring of 1965, she underwent another extensive overhaul, this time at Philadelphia, then resumed operations as before. On 30 June 1969, she was redesignated an antisubmarine warfare aircraft carrier CVS-38.
In 1970, Shangri-La returned to the western Pacific after an absence of ten years. She got underway from Mayport on 5 March, stopped at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from the 13th to the 16th, and headed east through the Atlantic and Indian oceans. She arrived in Subic Bay, R.P., on 4 April and, during the next seven months, launched combat sorties from Yankee station. Her tours of duty on Yankee station were punctuated by frequent logistics trips to Subic Bay, by visits to Manila, R.P., and Hong Kong, B.C.C., in October, and by 12 days in drydock at Yokosuka, Japan, in July.
9 November 1970, Shangri-La stood out of Subic Bay to return home. En route
to Mayport, she visited Sydney, Australia; Wellington, N.Z.; and Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil. She arrived in Mayport on 16 December and began preparations
for inactivation. After pre-inactivation overhaul at the Boston Naval Shipyard,
South Annex, Shangri-La decommissioned on 30 July 1971. She was placed
in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet and berthed at Philadelphia
remained in the reserve fleet for the next 11 years, and was stricken from
the Navy List on 15 July 1982. On 9 August 1988, she was disposed of by
the Marine Administration.
Last Update: 15 June 2009
Shangri-La Reunion Association
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